Wastewater as an Indicator of Virus Circulation among Population of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Ukraine

The main reservoir of intestinal viruses in the environment is human feces and contaminated wastewater. Sewage contamination preconditions further contamination of surface water serving as a source of water supply [2,7,8]. High resistance to physical and biological exposures ensures long-term survival of the viruses in water with various type and level of contaminants, especially in sewage. Detection of enteroviruses of a specific serotype in sewage indicates a significant number of people releasing the virus with feces [1,2].

June 18, 2019

Experience of GIS Technology Application in the Surveillance of Tick-Borne Infections

The epidemiological situation of natural foci of tick-borne infections (TBI) in Ukraine, as well as globally, is characterized by significant activation of processes due to global climate change, growing human-induced factor and shortcomings in the organization and running of epidemiological surveillance. For the Western region of Ukraine, among all tick-borne zoonoses the most important are tick-borne viral encephalitis (TBVE), Lyme disease (LD), human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) and some others.

January 25, 2018

Using spatial analysis for estimation of the stage of HIV epidemic

Detection of the signs of HIV epidemic transition from concentrated to generalized stage is an important issue for many countries including Ukraine. Objective and timely detection of the generalization of HIV epidemic is a significant factor for the development and implementation of appropriate preventive programs. As an additional method for estimating HIV epidemic stage, the spatial analysis of the reported new HIV cases among injection drug use (IDU) and other populations (due to sexual way of transmission) has been recommended.

May 02, 2019

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