Systematic Review: National Notifiable Infectious Disease Surveillance System in China

Infectious disease was the second most common cause of death in 1949, and the epidemic situation of infectious diseases was so severe that the Chinese government made major investments to the control and prevention of infectious diseases. During the past 60 years the development of the notifiable disease surveillance system in China has experienced 3 phases, including germination stage, development stage, improvement and consolidation stage (1).

June 18, 2019

Detection of a Salmonellosis Outbreak using Syndromic Surveillance in Georgia

Evidence about the value of syndromic surveillance data for outbreak detection is limited. In July 2018, a salmonellosis outbreak occurred following a family reunion of 300 persons held in Camden County, Georgia, where one meal was served on 7/27/2018 and on 7/28/2018.

Objective: Describe how the Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) used data from its State Electronic Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (SendSS) Syndromic Surveillance (SS) module for early detection of an outbreak of salmonellosis in Camden County, Georgia.

June 18, 2019

Dashboards as strategy to integrate multiple data streams for real time surveillance

The mission of the Infectious-Disease-Epidemiology Department at the Robert Koch Institute is the prevention, detection and control of infections in the German population. For this purpose it has a set of surveillance and outbreak-detection systems in place. Some of these cover a wide range of diseases, e.g. the traditional surveillance of about 80 notifiable diseases, while others are specialised for the timely assessment of only one or a few diseases, e.g. participatory syndromic surveillance of acute respiratory infections.

June 18, 2019

Time Series Analysis of Infectious Disease Mortality in Ukraine (1965-2015)

Monitoring of long-term infectious disease mortality trends is of great value to national public health systems both in estimation of the efficacy of preventive programs, and in development of the new strategies of preventive measures. In the developed countries, there are a number of studies with long-term time series of infectious disease mortality analysis in epidemiological and historical aspects. Our research was based on the work by Armstrong GL, Conn LA and Pinner RW, 1999. Literature review revealed that such analysis has been never carried out in Ukraine up to now.

June 18, 2019

Evaluation of a Acute Febrile Illness Surveillance Network (GAFINet), South Korea.

After MERS outbreak in 2015, the provincial government and infectious disease control center (GIDCC) initiated an emergency department (ED) based Gyeonggi-do provincial acute febrile illness (AFI) surveillance network (GAFINet) to monitor for a subsequent outbreak of emerging or imported infectious diseases since September 2016. Following pilot operation from September to December 2016, the operation was run for one year from June 2017 to May 2018.

June 18, 2019

ZooPhy: A bioinformatics pipeline for virus phylogeography and surveillance

Sequence-informed surveillance is now recognized as an important extension to the monitoring of rapidly evolving pathogens [2]. This includes phylogeography, a field that studies the geographical lineages of species including viruses [3] by using sequence data (and relevant metadata such as sampling location). This work relies on bioinformatics knowledge. For example, the user first needs to find a relevant sequence database, navigate through it, and use proper search parameters to obtain the desired data.

June 18, 2019

Evaluation of REDCap to Supplement Foodborne Disease Surveillance Systems

The Tennessee Department of Health (TDH) Foodborne Disease Program conducts routine surveillance for foodborne illnesses and enteric disease outbreaks and participates in statewide enhanced surveillance as part of the Foodborne Disease Center for Outbreak Response Enhancement (FoodCORE) and the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). TDH uses the CDC NEDSS Base System (NBS) application for routine disease surveillance.

June 18, 2019

Epidemiological trends of Reported Legionnaires disease in Houston, Texas, 2014-2017

Legionellosis is a respiratory illness that is mostly (80-90%) caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophila. It is associated with a mild febrile illness, Pontiac fever, or Legionnaires'™ disease (1), a source of severe, community-acquired pneumonia. Legionella bacteria mostly affect elderly persons specifically those with underlying debilitating illnesses and with lowered immune systems.

June 18, 2019

Epidemiological and space-time analysis of Beijing Intestinal Infectious Diseases

Intestinal infectious diseases (IID) is a common cause of illness in the community and results in a high burden of consultations to general practice, mostly affecting the health of infants, preschool children, young adults and elderly people, especially those living in low income countries. According to the published study on the global burden of disease, intestinal infectious diseases were responsible for 221,300 deaths worldwide in 2013.

June 18, 2019

Enhancing Provider Reporting of Notifiable Diseases using HIE-enabled Decision Support

Traditionally, public health agencies (PHAs) wait for hospital, laboratory or clinic staff to initiate case reports. However, this passive approach is burdensome for reporters and produces incomplete and delayed reports, which can hinder assessment of disease in the community and potentially delay recognition of patterns and outbreaks. Modern surveillance practice is shifting toward greater use of electronically transmitted disease information.

June 18, 2019

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