Informatics & Surveillance in Global Health: Informatics Capacity for Zika Outbreak

In response to the February 2016 Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak, an inter-agency agreement between the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) commissioned further research on the epidemiology, transmission, diagnosis, and birth defects associated with ZIKV.

June 18, 2019

A Fairer Mirror: Equity-limited Healthcare System Rankings

Healthcare systems are often evaluated using comparative health care rankings. Simulations have shown that maximally inequitable health care systems can perform well in published, influential health care system rankings by excelling in non-equity categories, resulting in highly ranked yet grossly inequitable healthcare systems. Recently, despite below average equity rankings, the healthcare systems of Australia and New Zealand ranked among the top four in The Commonwealth Fund's international comparative study Mirror, Mirror 20172.

June 18, 2019

Approaching Evaluations of Surveillance System Pilots through an Ownership Perspective

Pilot projects help determine utility and feasibility of a system, but even if considered successful, cost could prevent further scale-up. When evaluating a surveillance system pilot, cost and benefits are key factors to examine. In Cote d’Ivoire and Tanzania, Ministry of Health (MoH) and non-governmental partners receive funding under the Global Health Security Agenda to strengthen disease surveillance for earlier detection and improved response to potential infectious disease outbreaks.

January 21, 2018

Georgia's Choice: Moving One Health Forward

Anthrax is endemic and enzootic in Georgia with cases being registered since 1881 with over 2000 foci identified. Since 2005, 439 laboratory confirmed and 211 probable human cases and 190 laboratory confirmed animal cases have been registered. A case-control study performed in 2012 by the National Centre for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC), National Food Agency (NFA) and the Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (FELTP) found the main transition routes for human cases are slaughtering diseased animals and handling raw meat without protective equipment.

October 05, 2017

Cutaneous Anthrax surveillance by Person, Place, and Time in Georgia (2008-2013)

Cutaneous anthrax is endemic in Georgia. The EIDSS program captures notifications from 72 municipal public health centers. It links urgent notification, case investigation data, and laboratory data on an online basis. Eleven virulent and 4 non-virulent strains of B. anthracis have been isolated. Genotype GK 35 and GK 44 are strains found in the Turkish-Southern Caucasian region. It is hypothesized that human rates are caused by increased contact with infected animals.

October 03, 2017

Insight into Malaria Transmission and Control in Endemic Areas

The global effort of malaria control is in line with the one world one health concept, but then a globally defined ‘‘one-size-fits-all’’ malaria control strategy would be inefficient in endemic areas. Plasmodium falciparum is the type of malaria parasite that most often causes severe and life-threatening malaria. People get malaria by being bitten by an infective female Anopheles mosquito.

October 27, 2017

Towards a Framework for Data Quality Properties of Indicators used in Surveillance

Effective use of data for disease surveillance depends critically on the ability to trust and quantify the quality of source data. The Scalable Data Integration for Disease Surveillance project is developing tools to integrate and present surveillance data from multiple sources, with an initial focus on malaria. Consideration of data quality is particularly important when integrating data from diverse clinical, population-based, and other sources.

November 06, 2017

Notifications of Public Health Events under the International Health Regulations _ 5 Year U.S. Experience

All WHO member states are signatories of the IHR (1) to improve global health security. Objectives are to improve countries' capacities to detect, notify and respond to PHEICs. Rapid and transparent information sharing are critical for global coordination and rapid response to minimize an eventÍs impact on the public. The IHR require countries to establish a point of contact, or National Focal Point (NFP), responsible for notifying WHO of potential PHEICs and responding to requests of information.

April 28, 2019

Community-based Health Systems Strengthening: Randomized, Controlled Trial of a Mobile Health Intervention in Nepal

Globally, over seven million children under the age of five die each year. A suite of interventions, including safe delivery care, neonatal care and resuscitation, and management of childhood diarrhea, malnutrition, and pneumonia, can prevent many of these deaths. Each intervention relies on functional health systems to be delivered effectively. Prerequisites for effective health systems strengthening strategies are tools for surveillance of disease patterns and monitoring of healthcare facilities' functioning.

September 28, 2017

HIV Surveillance in India: An Overview & Implications for Future

Surveillance of risky behaviors of HIV infection and its manifest diseases has provided a better understanding of the complex nature of the HIV epidemic in India. However, little attempt is made to analyze progress of these surveillance activities.

Objective

To study and analyze the surveillance activities in HIV prevention and control in India.

May 17, 2018

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