Wildfire and Smoke Syndromic Surveillance: An Implementation Guide for Public Heath Practice

Wildfires are an integral part of many ecosystems; however, in recent years, human behavior and climate change have resulted in wildfire seasons that are longer, more destructive, and more costly. During wildfire events, public health responses most often focus on the health effects of wildfire smoke-related air pollution (i.e., exposure to fine particulate matter [PM2.5]), including exacerbations of respiratory and cardiovascular disease.

March 16, 2022

Increased Seizure Activity in Florida Associated with Hurricane Irma, September 2017

On September 10, 2017, Irma made landfall in the Florida Keys as a Category 4 hurricane and subsequently tracked up the west side of the state. Due to the size of the storm, it impacted nearly all of Florida. The Electronic Surveillance System for the Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE-FL), the state’s syndromic surveillance system, captures 98% of the emergency department (ED) visits statewide and has historically served a vital function in providing near real-time ED data that are used to track post-disaster morbidity and mortality.

June 18, 2019

Disaster Public Health Surveillance Response System, Yogyakarta Indonesia

The October 2010 eruption of Mt Merapi (the most active volcano in the Indonesia that erupts at 5-years intervals) claimed 141 lives, injured 453 people and displaced at least 278,000 people. This geological event became a disaster as national and international agencies had to step in to assist the Yogyakarta Province and Sleman District Administrations in dealing with the devastation caused by the pyroclastic flows. Because of its cyclic nature the task of the local governments is to improve the hazard mitigation system and to increase the resiliency of the population.

August 22, 2018

Post-disaster Surveillance Following the Tsunami in Japan: BioSense 2011

The CDC's BioSense Program receives near real-time health care utilization data from a number of sources, including Department of Defense (DoD) healthcare facilities from around the globe and non-federal hospital emergency departments (EDs) in the US, to support all-hazards surveillance and situation awareness.

May 02, 2019

Mental Health Emergency Department Visits in Houston: Developing a Post-Disaster Mental Health Surveillance System

The objective of this project was to classify and extract mental health emergency department (ED) visits from the Houston Real-time Outbreak and Disease Surveillance (RODS) system. In addition, this project will offer a

July 30, 2018

Disaster Surveillance Revisited: Passive, Active and Electronic Syndromic Surveillance during Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, LA - 2005

Surveillance strategies following major natural disasters have varied widely with respect to methods used to collect and analyze data. Following Hurricane Katrina, public health concerns included infectious disease outbreaks, injuries, mental health and exacerbation of preexisting chronic conditions resulting from unprecedented population displacement and disruption of public health services and health-care infrastructure.



July 30, 2018

Syndromic Surveillance Shows Medical Surge in Dallas–Fort Worth during Hurricane Harvey, 2017

Hurricane Harvey made landfall in Texas on August 25, 2017, resulting in 88 fatalities and more than $125 billion in damages to infrastructure. In Houston, flooding created a toxic mix of chemicals, sewage, biohazards, and 8 million cubic yards of garbage. The level of biohazard exposure, as well as injuries from trauma among persons residing in affected areas, was widespread and likely contributed to increases in emergency department (ED) visits in Houston and cities that received persons evacuating from the hurricane.

November 29, 2018

Medication Refill v1 - CDC

Why the syndrome was created:

The purpose of CDC Medication Refill v1 is to monitor visits for any medication/prescription that a patient may have run out of. Anything repetitive that needs routine refill visits - dialysis, oxygen, heart, BP, cholesterol.

June 09, 2020

Contact Us

NSSP Community of Practice

Email: syndromic@cste.org


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