Refocusing Hepatitis C Prevention Through Geographic Viral Load Analyses

Approximately 2.7 million Americans live with chronic HCV, with roughly 30,000 new cases in 2013. Fortunately, recent clinical trials have shown great advances using interferon-free, oral direct-acting antivirals, with cure rates over 95% . But only a few people have been treated, and most are unaware of the infection. This presents an opportunity for public health to address unmet needs, but most jurisdictions have limited surveillance and prevention efforts.

September 08, 2017

Role of Influenza in ED Visits and Hospitalizations of Adults Over 65 Years in France

While the link between excess winter mortality and winter respiratory diseases in the elderly is well described, the impact of the epidemic of influenza in the elderly is mainly assessed in France through specific surveillance in the general population. Syndromic surveillance data enables to monitor ED attendances and hospitalizations for various diagnostic codes groupings throughout the influenza epidemic, some of which often cited as influenza proxies, such as cardiorespiratory diagnostic groups.

September 08, 2017

Secondary Data Analysis of HIV/AIDS Control Programme Data, Enugu State, (2010-2013)

As of 2012, 3,400 000 million people (all ages) are living with HIV in Nigeria. The estimated new HIV infections is 260,000 and estimated AIDS death is 240,000.The reported number of adults on ART(Anti-retroviral treatment) was 459,465 and the ART coverage based on WHO guideline was 36%.The number of pregnant women living with HIV who received antiretroviral for preventing motherto-child –transmission was 33,323 and the percentage coverage was 17%.

September 08, 2017

Factors Influencing the Stability and Quality of the French ED Surveillance System

Since 2004, the French syndromic surveillance system Oscour® has been implemented by the national institute for public health surveillance (InVS) and is daily used to detect and follow-up various public health events all over the territory [1]. Beginning with 23 ED in 2004, the coverage and data quality have permanently been increasing until including about 650 ED in August 2015.

September 11, 2017

Socio-Demographic Inequalities in HIV Testing and Prevalence Among Older Adults in Rural Tanzania, 2013

Like in other African countries, most HIV research in Tanzania focuses on adults 15-49 years, ignoring persons aged 50 years and above. In Tanzania, the HIV testing rate (ever tested) for 15 - 49 year olds has increased from 37% to 62% for women and 27% to 47% for men between 2008 and 2012. Limited data is available on HIV testing and prevalence among older adults specifically. Some studies in Sub-Saharan Africa have, however, reported a high HIV prevalence among older people.

Objective

September 18, 2017

An eHARS Dashboard for State HIV Surveillance

State HIV offices routinely produce fact sheets, epidemiologic profiles, and other reports from the eHARS (Enhanced HIV/AIDS Reporting System) database which was created and is maintained by the CDC. The eHARS software is used throughout the United States to monitor the HIV epidemic and evaluate HIV prevention programs and policies. Due to limited variability of eHARS throughout the United States, software developed to analyze and visualize data using the eHARS database schema may be useful to many state HIV offices.

August 22, 2017

An Exploration of Public Events and Alcohol Related Incidents

Champaign County is one of the largest counties in central Illinois with a population of ~207,000 and is home to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign which currently has 44,500 students. In the fall the university hosts Big Ten football games which have recently been drawing an average attendance of ~45,000 people, many traveling from Chicago or other parts of the Midwest. The twin cities host a number of community events and festivals throughout the Spring and Summer. Typically the community festivals have liquor licenses whereas no alcohol is served in the football stadium.

August 22, 2017

Assessing the Usage of Dating Sites and Social Networking Sites in Newly Diagnosed HIV Positive Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in Harris County, Texas, 2014

Internet based technologies are becoming quite prominent among today’s generation due to its easy accessibility through computer or phone devices. Internet’s relative anonymity leads high risk groups to find it easier to meet sexual partners with similar characteristics through dating sites like Grindr, Jack’D, Adams4Adams etc. and mainstream social networking sites like Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram. According to various studies, young MSMs prefer to use dating sites and social networking sites more as a source to meet sexual partners than older MSMs.

August 23, 2017

Integrating R into ESSENCE to Enable Custom Data Analysis and Visualization

The use of R is increasing in the public health disease surveillance community. The ISDS pre-conference workshops and newly formed R Group for Surveillance have been well attended and continue to grow in popularity. The use of R in the National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP) has also been of value to many users who wish to analyze and visualize public health data using custom R scripts.

October 10, 2017

Enhancing the BioSense Platform: Findings from an ESSENCE and SAS Pilot Project

BioSense was launched in 2003 by CDC with its primary aim to establish an integrated system of nationwide public health surveillance for the early detection and prompt assessment of potential bioterrorism-related syndromes or other public health emergencies. With the release of CDC’s Surveillance Strategy, BioSense evolved into the National Syndromic Surveillance Program (NSSP).

August 29, 2017

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