A multidisciplinary approach to an outbreak of canid Rabies in Gauteng Province, South Africa

On 3rd of June, 2010 a sick dog was presented to an Animal Welfare Agency. Biliary treatment unsuccessful and the dog was euthanased and tested positive for Rabies on FAT. In this mixed rural urban area of South Africa Rabies is an occasional disease usually related to a sylvatic/mongoose biotype. Within 2 weeks another 2 cases were confirmed in dogs in a 3 km radius of the index case. A single fatal human case was diagnosed in a young girl in October 2010. Eventually 53 cases were reported in the following domestic dogs (46), Bovine (3), Mongoose (2), genet (1) and domestic cat (1).

September 25, 2017

One Health Concept: Building educational and translation research capacity of graduate and post-graduate students in India

Food safety is a global issue with diverse challenges along various critical points in the food production chain. In India, food safety programs including establishment of surveillance programs and quantitative approaches through integration of various scientific disciplines, streamlined data collection, and analyses were still limited and inconsistently applied. There was need to build capacity of public health workforce in the areas of food surveillance, food borne disease surveillance, incident reporting, investigation of an outbreak and inspection.

October 05, 2017

Enhancing Nebraska's Rabies Surveillance using Electronic Public Health Cases Reports and ESSENCE

Accurate and timely reporting of animal rabies test results and potential human exposures is necessary to guide case management and define rabies epidemiology. Accordingly, Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services (NDHHS) collaborated with Kansas State University Rabies Laboratory (KSU-RL) in 2011 to establish electronic laboratory reporting (ELR) of animal rabies test results to Nebraska's Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS). If a potential human rabies exposure is verified, NDHHS authorizes state-paid rabies testing through a contractual agreement with KSU-RL.

September 29, 2017

Epizootology and Molecular Diagnosis of Lumpy Skin Diesease Among Livestock in Azerbaijan

Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a cutaneous disease of livestock caused by a DNA-containing virus belonging to Poxviridae family called Lumpy Skin Disease Virus (LSDV). Another name of the virus is Neethling. The disease is characterized mainly by fever, and lesions appearing on the skin. The incubation period is 6-9 days. Mortality of the disease is about 10%, however, secondary infection of lesions can increase the mortality rate. LSD was first recorded in Zambia, South Africa, then spread to Sudan, Nigeria and European countries.

August 31, 2017

One Health in Action: Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is an emerging disease in Michigan and is the most commonly reported vector-borne illness. The bacterium causing Lyme disease, Borrelia burgdorferi, is transmitted to humans or dogs through the bite of an infected tick. In the spring of 2015, a veterinarian from an island on Lake Michigan began to see locally acquired Lyme disease in pets. In previous years the vector of Lyme disease, Ixodes scapularis, had not been found on the island.

September 01, 2017

Impact of Interventions on Influenza A(H7N9) Virus Activity in Live Poultry Markets

H7N9 virus emerged in Eastern China in March 2013, which led to >550 human cases and >200 deaths in 2 years. Live poultry markets (LPMs) are considered as a major source of human H7N9 infections. In late 2013, the virus had spread to the southern provinces including Guangdong. Its provincial capital Guangzhou, detected its first local H7N9 human case in mid-January 2014 and reaching 10 cases in a month. As a response, Guangzhou government announced a two-week city-wide market closure, banning trading and storing of live poultry.

October 10, 2017

Role of Animal Identification and Registration in Anthrax Surveillance

Anthrax is a globally distributed zoonotic disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, a soil-borne, Gram-positive, spore forming bacteria. Bacillus anthracis can infect people who slaughter or eat animals that are infected. Recent reports indicate the incidence of human anthrax has increased steadily over the last several years in Georgia (2007-2012). The Georgian National Animal Health Program has implemented an anthrax control program.

September 08, 2017

SAVSNET: Collating Veterinary Electronic Health Records for Research and Surveillance

Statutory veterinary disease surveillance generally focuses on food animals with only minimal resources committed to companion animals. However, the close contact between owners and pets suggests that disease surveillance in these species could benefit both animal and human health.

September 08, 2017

Sharing Situational Awareness of the 2014-2015 Highly-Pathogenic Avian Influenza Outbreak Across Government

NBIC integrates, analyzes, and shares national biosurveillance information provided from capabilities distributed across public and private sectors. The integration of information enables early warning and shared situational awareness of nationally significant biological events to inform critical decisions directing response and recovery efforts.

September 08, 2017

Somebody’s Poisoned the Waterhole: ASPCA Poison Control Center Data to Identify Animal Health Risks

The APCC hotline fields daily calls regarding potential animal intoxications from the US, its territories, and Canada. We explored the value of these data for identifying increased occurrences of intoxications related to livestock and poultry species, toxicant product categories, clinical syndromes, and illness severity. These data proved valuable for identifying risks of toxicant exposures by species, product category, and season.

September 18, 2017


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