First report on MRSA recovered from wild boars in the north of Portugal

Antibiotic resistance is an emerging public health concern and the scientific community recognizes the need to evaluate its epidemiology. Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are a key to this problem. Often found in the natural flora of the skin, nose and mouth of humans and animals, these bacteria can cause both minor skin infections and serious diseases that can result in death. Apart from the hospital concern, this bacterium is becoming increasingly common in infections associated to both human and animal communities with high rates of antibiotic resistance.

September 28, 2017

Enhanced Animal Surveillance for Super Bowl XLIX in Maricopa County, Arizona, 2015

From December 2014 to February 2015, Maricopa County, Arizona was the host site for several high profile events, including Super Bowl, Pro Bowl, and Fiesta Bowl. Public health officials were allocated with implementing numerous enhanced surveillance activities to quickly identify health risks to the public. These included laboratory-based surveillance, mortality surveillance, and syndromic surveillance at select hospitals, urgent cares, hotels, and on-site at the events.

September 29, 2017

Enhancing Nebraska's Rabies Surveillance using Electronic Public Health Cases Reports and ESSENCE

Accurate and timely reporting of animal rabies test results and potential human exposures is necessary to guide case management and define rabies epidemiology. Accordingly, Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services (NDHHS) collaborated with Kansas State University Rabies Laboratory (KSU-RL) in 2011 to establish electronic laboratory reporting (ELR) of animal rabies test results to Nebraska's Electronic Disease Surveillance System (NEDSS). If a potential human rabies exposure is verified, NDHHS authorizes state-paid rabies testing through a contractual agreement with KSU-RL.

September 29, 2017

Epizootology and Molecular Diagnosis of Lumpy Skin Diesease Among Livestock in Azerbaijan

Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is a cutaneous disease of livestock caused by a DNA-containing virus belonging to Poxviridae family called Lumpy Skin Disease Virus (LSDV). Another name of the virus is Neethling. The disease is characterized mainly by fever, and lesions appearing on the skin. The incubation period is 6-9 days. Mortality of the disease is about 10%, however, secondary infection of lesions can increase the mortality rate. LSD was first recorded in Zambia, South Africa, then spread to Sudan, Nigeria and European countries.

August 31, 2017

One Health in Action: Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is an emerging disease in Michigan and is the most commonly reported vector-borne illness. The bacterium causing Lyme disease, Borrelia burgdorferi, is transmitted to humans or dogs through the bite of an infected tick. In the spring of 2015, a veterinarian from an island on Lake Michigan began to see locally acquired Lyme disease in pets. In previous years the vector of Lyme disease, Ixodes scapularis, had not been found on the island.

September 01, 2017

Impact of Interventions on Influenza A(H7N9) Virus Activity in Live Poultry Markets

H7N9 virus emerged in Eastern China in March 2013, which led to >550 human cases and >200 deaths in 2 years. Live poultry markets (LPMs) are considered as a major source of human H7N9 infections. In late 2013, the virus had spread to the southern provinces including Guangdong. Its provincial capital Guangzhou, detected its first local H7N9 human case in mid-January 2014 and reaching 10 cases in a month. As a response, Guangzhou government announced a two-week city-wide market closure, banning trading and storing of live poultry.

October 10, 2017

Role of Animal Identification and Registration in Anthrax Surveillance

Anthrax is a globally distributed zoonotic disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, a soil-borne, Gram-positive, spore forming bacteria. Bacillus anthracis can infect people who slaughter or eat animals that are infected. Recent reports indicate the incidence of human anthrax has increased steadily over the last several years in Georgia (2007-2012). The Georgian National Animal Health Program has implemented an anthrax control program.

September 08, 2017

SAVSNET: Collating Veterinary Electronic Health Records for Research and Surveillance

Statutory veterinary disease surveillance generally focuses on food animals with only minimal resources committed to companion animals. However, the close contact between owners and pets suggests that disease surveillance in these species could benefit both animal and human health.

September 08, 2017

Sharing Situational Awareness of the 2014-2015 Highly-Pathogenic Avian Influenza Outbreak Across Government

NBIC integrates, analyzes, and shares national biosurveillance information provided from capabilities distributed across public and private sectors. The integration of information enables early warning and shared situational awareness of nationally significant biological events to inform critical decisions directing response and recovery efforts.

September 08, 2017

Somebody’s Poisoned the Waterhole: ASPCA Poison Control Center Data to Identify Animal Health Risks

The APCC hotline fields daily calls regarding potential animal intoxications from the US, its territories, and Canada. We explored the value of these data for identifying increased occurrences of intoxications related to livestock and poultry species, toxicant product categories, clinical syndromes, and illness severity. These data proved valuable for identifying risks of toxicant exposures by species, product category, and season.

September 18, 2017

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