A multidisciplinary approach to an outbreak of canid Rabies in Gauteng Province, South Africa

On 3rd of June, 2010 a sick dog was presented to an Animal Welfare Agency. Biliary treatment unsuccessful and the dog was euthanased and tested positive for Rabies on FAT. In this mixed rural urban area of South Africa Rabies is an occasional disease usually related to a sylvatic/mongoose biotype. Within 2 weeks another 2 cases were confirmed in dogs in a 3 km radius of the index case. A single fatal human case was diagnosed in a young girl in October 2010. Eventually 53 cases were reported in the following domestic dogs (46), Bovine (3), Mongoose (2), genet (1) and domestic cat (1).

September 25, 2017

One Health Concept: Building educational and translation research capacity of graduate and post-graduate students in India

Food safety is a global issue with diverse challenges along various critical points in the food production chain. In India, food safety programs including establishment of surveillance programs and quantitative approaches through integration of various scientific disciplines, streamlined data collection, and analyses were still limited and inconsistently applied. There was need to build capacity of public health workforce in the areas of food surveillance, food borne disease surveillance, incident reporting, investigation of an outbreak and inspection.

October 05, 2017

Approach to zoonoses in the context of One Health

Zoonotic diseases constitute about 70% of the emerging or reemerging diseases in the world; they affect many animals, cause many economic loses, and have a negative effect on public health. As a tropical country, Cuba is not exempt from the occurrence of this type of illness. There are many risk factors present such as climate change, natural disasters, bird migrations, vector species, the entry of Cuban travelers into endemic areas, the increase of commercial and touristic exchange, and the increase of agricultural activities including animals raised in urban areas.

September 25, 2017

Outbreak Response and Active Surveillance for Avian Influenza among Human Contacts in Nigeria, 2015: One Health Approach

H5N1 virus occurs mainly in birds. It is highly contagious and deadly among them. However, transmission in human is rare. The first and only confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza H5N1 virus in Nigeria was in 2006. Sporadic infection among poultry has been occurring in Nigeria with yearly estimated loss of millions of Dollars. Six Local Government Areas of Oyo State, Nigeria reported confirmed cases of H5N1 among birds. Affected birds were culled and human avian influenza surveillance was instituted.

October 05, 2017

Potential elimination of rabies from Pemba Island, Tanzania

A mobile phone-based surveillance system to support the rabies control program is currently in use across southern Tanzania and was implemented in Pemba since 2011. The system allows for near real-time reporting of information on: patients with animal bites reporting to health facilities that provide post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) to prevent rabies; suspected rabid animal cases submitted by livestock field officers (LFOs); and details of mass dog vaccination campaigns coordinated through each district livestock office.

October 05, 2017

Qatar experience on MERS-CoV One Health Surveillance and Response, 2012 - 2015

The emergence of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus (MERS-CoV) in 2012 had placed a great concern on the public health institutions globally and in particular in the Arab region. The gaps in knowledge related to the novel virus put the healthcare systems in Qatar and the entire region in critical position amid growing concerns that this virus might take a deadly pattern. As the second reported case in Qatar had a documented relationship with animals, veterinary and environmental health sectors were invited to join the national outbreak control taskforce.

October 05, 2017

Cysticercosis associated epilepsy prevention and control

Cysticercosis is a frequent health problem in developing countries. The disease is due to infection by Taenia solium larvae and is predominant in areas where pigs and humans cohabite. Inappropriate breeding conditions and poor hygiene especially inadequate disposal or management of faeces are factors responsible of disease's transmission. In human, there are various clinical manifestations but the neurological involvement is particular severe as it frequently causes epilepsy which has an important socio economic impact among communities.

September 25, 2017

The "One Health" experience in India: A partnership among veterinarians, pysicians and other healthcare professionals in curbing Vector Borne Zoonoses

Kyasannur Forest Disease (KFD) is a tick borne viral disease first reported in Shimoga district of Karnataka, India. On January 6th 2015, the disease has spread to neighbouring state, Kerala and a forest guard from Sulthan Bathery, Wayanad who had disposed the monkey carcass was succumbed to the disease following confirmation of the disease from Manipal institute of virology. Spot surveillance of the area by Health department revealed 15 more fever cases among women working as fire line workers. Out of these twelve cases were confirmed to be KFD.

October 05, 2017

Uganda and Ethiopia Field Epidemiology Training Program Case studies in Applied epidemiology No. 001 - 815

WHO designated yellow fever as an endemic disease in Ethiopia in the early 1950s. Yellow fever, a zoonotic hemorrhagic fever disease (sylvatic and urban types), are endemic in Ethiopia due to its geographical location and climatic conditions favoring Aedes sp. mosquito. The mosquito vector were found to exist throughout the country up to 2,000 m in altitude. We conducted an outbreak investigation in Jink, a town surrounded by forest inhabited by many primates (monkeys).

October 05, 2017

Promoting and supporting wildlife surveillance for zoonotic pathogens in Rwanda

Rwanda government's leadership in embracing One health approach to mitigate and control infectious diseases can be a huge lesson to other developing countries to do the same with astounding results.

September 28, 2017

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