First detection of Salmonella spp. in backyard production farms from central Chile

Characteristics and conditions of backyard production systems (BPS) transform them into potential maintainers of priority zoonotic agents, like Salmonella spp., highly important agent because of its impact in animal and public health. 

Objective

The purpose of this study was to detect the presence of circulating Salmonella spp. on backyard production systems (BPS) with poultry or swine breeding in central Chile 

June 19, 2017

What do we know about the behavior of animal rabies in Chile through the last years?

Rabies is a zoonotic disease caused by an RNA virus from the family Rhabdoviridae, genus Lyssavirus. Worldwide distributed, control of rabies has been considered to be particularly amenable to a “One Health” strategy (1). In Chile, rabies was considered endemic in domestic dog population until the late 1960s, when a surveillance program was established, decreasing the number of human cases related to canine variants until the year 1972 (2). Rabies is recognized as a endemic infection in chiropterans of Chile and prompted the surveillance of the agent in this and other species (3).

August 26, 2017

Exploring the Distribution of Coccidioides immitis in South Central Washington State

Coccidioidomycosis, commonly referred to as Valley Fever, is caused by the soil-borne saprophytic fungus C. immitis and posadasii. These species have historically been found in the desert southwest and Mexico; however, in 2010 there were three coccidioidomycosis cases identified in central Washington. Colonization of soils by C. immitis has been confirmed at exposure sites associated with these cases. Multiple studies have identified a relationship between environmental conditions and C. immitis growth areas, but these relationships have not been evaluated in Washington.

June 19, 2017

Activity of Natural Tularemia Foci in West Ukraine

Annually sporadic cases of tularemia in humans are registered in Ukraine and new enzootic areas are found. Monitoring of tularemia natural foci is important given the potential significant financial losses in case of tularemia outbreaks and taken into account that this pathogen can be used as a bioterrorist agent.

Objective

Study the activity of natural foci of tularemia and identify the main types of reservoirs and vectors of Francisella tularensis.

June 20, 2017

Improving Cattle Market Syndromic Surveillance Through Electronic Data Capture

An active syndromic surveillance system was designed to collect cattle health information from a sample of Texas cattle market sales. Texas Animal Health Commission livestock inspectors record the total number of animals observed along with the total number displaying clinical signs of interest grouped into body system categories (e.g. respiratory, neurologic, etc.). Inspection reports are submitted to the United States Department of Agriculture Veterinary Services (VS) Risk Identification Team for monitoring. 

Objective

July 06, 2017

Immune response and distribution of antigen in chickens after infection LPAIV (H4N6)

Influenza is a serious problem for the health of people, animals and birds. Therefore, comprehensive study of influenza virus, its natural reservoir, pathogenesis and immune response will provide further opportunity to ensure protection for animals, birds and people from this infection. 

Objective

To study the immune response in chicken on the administration of LPAIV isolated from the natural reservoir. 

July 06, 2017

Identifying Key Transmission Route of Avian Influenza A(H9N2) in Live Poultry Markets

Live poultry markets (LPMs) continue to operate in many Asian countries. Low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) viruses are often endemic in the poultry, and LPM presents the opportunity for human-poultry interactions and potential human infections with avian influenza viruses.

July 06, 2017

Facilitating Cross-Sectoral Collaboration Through One Health Country-Level Work Groups

Zoonotic diseases compose a large proportion of the disease burden faced by African countries (e.g. Ebola). A One Health approach to disease control has been embraced across the continent, yet public health and veterinary surveillance systems in most countries remained vertically isolated under separate Ministries. Data exchange, if it occurs, is ad hoc and informal.

October 05, 2017

Georgia's Choice: Moving One Health Forward

Anthrax is endemic and enzootic in Georgia with cases being registered since 1881 with over 2000 foci identified. Since 2005, 439 laboratory confirmed and 211 probable human cases and 190 laboratory confirmed animal cases have been registered. A case-control study performed in 2012 by the National Centre for Disease Control and Public Health (NCDC), National Food Agency (NFA) and the Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program (FELTP) found the main transition routes for human cases are slaughtering diseased animals and handling raw meat without protective equipment.

October 05, 2017

A multidisciplinary approach to an outbreak of canid Rabies in Gauteng Province, South Africa

On 3rd of June, 2010 a sick dog was presented to an Animal Welfare Agency. Biliary treatment unsuccessful and the dog was euthanased and tested positive for Rabies on FAT. In this mixed rural urban area of South Africa Rabies is an occasional disease usually related to a sylvatic/mongoose biotype. Within 2 weeks another 2 cases were confirmed in dogs in a 3 km radius of the index case. A single fatal human case was diagnosed in a young girl in October 2010. Eventually 53 cases were reported in the following domestic dogs (46), Bovine (3), Mongoose (2), genet (1) and domestic cat (1).

September 25, 2017

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