Data Science, Analytics and Collaboration for a Biosurveillance Ecosystem

After the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Defense indicated œbiodefense would include emerging infectious disease. In response, DTRA launched an initiative for an innovative, rapidly emerging capability to enable real-time biosurveillance for early warning and course of action analysis. Through competitive prototyping, DTRA selected Digital Infuzion to develop the platform and next generation analytics.

June 18, 2019

Monitoring of Anthrax Prevalence in Georgia 2009-2017

Anthrax is an acute infectious disease of historical importance caused by Bacillus anthracis (B. anthracis), a spore-forming, soil-borne bacterium with a remarkable ability to persist in the environment. Anthrax is endemic in many countries, including Georgia. Laboratory of the Ministry of Agriculture (LMA) has been actively working on the disease science 1907 and constantly improving diagnostics. In 2009-2017 the laboratory participated in cooperative biological studies.

June 18, 2019

Development of a Recurrent Neural Network Model for Prediction of Dengue Importation

In recent years, mosquito-borne diseases such as Zika, chikungunya, and dengue have become particularly problematic due to global climate change. Rising temperatures and changes in precipitation are considered to be associated with habitat suitability of mosquito vectors and viruses. To address such cross-border infectious diseases, countries have come up with various strategies to control and manage mosquito-borne diseases. In line with this, international efforts have been made to minimize the burden of global infectious diseases.

June 18, 2019

National Surveillance for Health-Related Workplace Absenteeism, United States 2017-18

During an influenza pandemic, when hospitals and doctors'™ offices are or are perceived to be overwhelmed, many ill people may not seek medical care. People may also avoid medical facilities due to fear of contracting influenza or transmitting it to others. Therefore, syndromic methods for monitoring illness outside of health care settings are important adjuncts to traditional disease reporting. Monitoring absenteeism trends in schools and workplaces provide the archetypal examples for such approaches.

June 18, 2019

Wearable Sensor Application for Integrated Early Warning and Health Surveillance

Wearable devices are a low cost, minimally invasive way to monitor health. Sensor data provides real-time physiological indictors of an individual’s health status without the requirement of health care professionals or facilities. Information gleamed from wearable sensors can be used to better understand physiological stressors and prodromal symptoms. In addition, this data can be used to monitor individuals that are in high risk of health-related problems.

January 25, 2018

Implementation of Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) in Swaziland

Swaziland adopted the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy in 2010 to strengthen Public Health Surveillance (PHS) that fulfills International Health Regulations (2005) and the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA). This strategy allows the Ministry of Health (MoH), Epidemiology and Disease Control Unit (EDCU) to monitor, prevent and control priority diseases in the country. We used a health systems strengthening approach to pilot an intervention model for IDSR implementation at five hospitals in Swaziland over a pilot phase of three months.

January 25, 2018

Integrating data from disparate data systems for improved HIV reporting: Lessons learned

In 2015, the Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) responded to a large HIV outbreak among persons who inject drugs (PWID) in Scott County. Information to manage the public health response to this event and its aftermath included data from multiple sources such as surveillance, HIV testing, contact tracing, medical care, and HIV prevention activities. Each dataset was managed separately and had been tailored to the relevant HIV program area’s needs, which is a typical practice for health departments.

January 19, 2018

Enhanced surveillance to monitor response to a provincial overdose emergency, Canada

On April 14, 2016, British Columbia (BC)’s Provincial Health Officer declared a public health emergency due to a significant increase in drug-related overdoses and deaths in the Province. Despite the declaration, 161 suspected drug overdose deaths were reported across the Province in December 2016, a 137% increase over the number of deaths occurring in the same month of 2015. In response to the surge overdoses, Vancouver Coastal Health Authority (VCH), one of 5 health regions within BC, rapidly implemented a number of novel harm reduction initiatives.

January 25, 2018

Tourism and Health Information System (THiS) in the Caribbean, June-September 2017

Travel and tourism pose global health security risks via the introduction and spread of disease, as demonstrated by the H1N1 pandemic (2009), Chikungunya (2013), and recent Zika virus outbreak. In 2016, nearly 60 million persons visited the Caribbean. Historically no regional surveillance systems for illnesses in visitor populations existed.

January 19, 2018

Developing a Prototype Opioid Surveillance System at a 2-Day Virginia Hackathon

At the Governor’s Opioid Addiction Crisis Datathon in September 2017, a team of Booz Allen data scientists participated in a two-day hackathon to develop a prototype surveillance system for business users to locate areas of high risk across multiple indicators in the State of Virginia. We addressed 1) how different geographic regions experience the opioid overdose epidemic differently by clustering similar counties by socieconomic indicators, and 2) facilitating better data sharing between health care providers and law enforcement.

January 25, 2018


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