Exploring Missouri's New, Innovative, and Multilayered Health Data Suppression Rules

In Spring 2017, the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services (MODHSS) launched the Missouri Public Health Information Management System (MOPHIMS) web-based health data platform. Missouri has supported a similar data system since the 1990s, allowing the public, local public health departments, and other stakeholders access to community level birth, death, and hospitalization data (among other datasets). The MOPHIMS system is composed of two separate pieces.

June 18, 2019

Seeing Data in a New Light: Data Visualization Techniques to Improve Understanding

In 2002, the United States (US) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) launched the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Program (Tracking Program) to address the challenges and gaps in the nation'™s environmental health surveillance infrastructure. The Tracking Program's mission is to provide information from a nationwide network of integrated health and environmental data that drives actions to improve the health of communities.

June 18, 2019

Forecasting hospital pneumonia admissions using influenza surveillance, climate and community data

Influenza peaks around June and December in Singapore every year. Facing an ageing population, hospitals in Singapore have been constantly reaching maximum bed occupancy. The ability to be able to make early decisions during peak periods is important. Tan Tock Seng Hospital is the second largest adult acute care general hospital in Singapore. Pneumonia-related emergency department (ED) admissions are a huge burden to the hospital's resources. The number of cases vary year on year as it depends on seasonal vaccine effectiveness and the population's immunity to the circulating strain.

June 18, 2019

Streamlining Disease Surveillance System implementation in Tanzania: Lessons Learnt

Tanzania adopted IDSR as the platform for all disease surveillance activities. Today, Tanzania's IDSR guidelines include surveillance and response protocols for 34 diseases and conditions of public health importance, outlining in detail necessary recording and reporting procedures and activities to be taken at all levels. A total of 15 disease-specific programs/sections in the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children (MOHCDGEC) are linked to the IDSR, though the extent to which each program uses IDSR data varies.

June 18, 2019

Justification for Collecting Urgent Care Data to Broaden Syndromic Surveillance

While UC does not have a standard definition, it can generally be described as the delivery of ambulatory medical care outside of a hospital emergency department (ED) on a walk-in basis, without a scheduled appointment, available at extended hours, and providing an array of services comparable to typical primary care offices. UC facilities represent a growing sector of the United States healthcare industry, doubling in size between 2008 and 2011. The Urgent Care Association of America (UCAOA) estimates that UC facilities had 160 million patient encounters in 2013.

January 19, 2018

Morbidity surveillance and treatment of MDR-TB with the support of NGOs in Ukraine

The global strategy for eliminating tuberculosis (TB) epidemic "End TB" has been implemented in the world since 2016. Its main goal is to reduce the 2015 TB incidence rate by 90% and 2015 TB mortality rate by 95% by 2035. In Ukraine, in 2016, the incidence rate of new cases of tuberculosis among the general population was 54.7 per 100 thousand of population (2015 - 55.9), the rate of decrease was 2.1 ± 0.1%. In Donetsk Oblast (that is under control of Ukrainian authorities), the incidence rate increased by 2.4% and was 56.4 per 100 thousand of population.

January 25, 2018

Analytics for Investigation of Disease Outbreaks (AIDO)

Situational awareness, or the understanding of elemental components of an event with respect to both time and space, is critical for public health decision-makers during an infectious disease outbreak. AIDO is a web-based tool designed to contextualize incoming infectious disease information during an unfolding event for decision-making purposes.

Objective:

January 25, 2018

Arizona Sonora Binational Cases: five years of surveillance

Infectious diseases can spread across borders. The Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS) collects information on binational infectious disease cases and shares it with Mexico. Infectious disease investigation in Arizona is enhanced by using an electronic surveillance platform known as the Medical Electronic Disease Surveillance Intelligence System (MEDSIS), and in 2010 a specific variable for binational cases with Mexico was added to the platform. ADHS also maintains a binational case definition in the state reportable communicable morbidities manual.

January 21, 2018

Re-emerging Infectious Disease (RED) Alert tool

Definitions of “re-emerging infectious diseases” typically encompass any disease occurrence that was a historic public health threat, declined dramatically, and has since presented itself again as a significant health problem. Examples include antimicrobial resistance leading to resurgence of tuberculosis, or measles re-appearing in previously protected communities.

January 25, 2018

Epi Archive: Automated Synthesis of Global Notifiable Disease Data

Most countries do not report national notifiable disease data in a machine-readable format. Data are often in the form of a file that contains text, tables and graphs summarizing weekly or monthly disease counts. This presents a problem when information is needed for more data intensive approaches to epidemiology, biosurveillance and public health. While most nations likely store incident data in a machine-readable format, governments are often hesitant to share data openly for a variety of reasons that include technical, political, economic, and motivational issues1.

January 25, 2018

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