Use of Syndromic Data for Surveillance of Hurricane-Related Injuries in Miami-Dade County, FL

In 2005, three hurricanes made landfall in Florida, with Hurricane Wilma having the most severe impact on Miami-Dade County. Syndromic surveillance is typically used to detect bioterrorism or natural disease outbreaks before specific diagnoses are made. After Wilma, however, the Miami-Dade County Health Department assessed the utility of syndromic data for surveillance of hurricane-related injuries.



July 30, 2018

Using Poison Center Syndromic Surveillance for Environmental Health Signals Detection

North Carolina Disease Event Tracking and Epidemiologic Collection Tool (NC DETECT) is the Web-based early event detection and timely public health surveillance system in the North Carolina Public Health Information Network. At the present time NC DETECT monitors five data sources: emergency departments, the statewide poison center, the statewide EMS data collection system, a regional wildlife center and laboratories from the NC State College of Veterinary Medicine for suspicious patterns. NC DETECT receives Carolinas Poison Control Center (CPC) data every 24 hours as of August, 2005.

July 30, 2018

Utility of 911 Ambulance Dispatch Data for the Syndromic Surveillance of Heat-Related Illness in Toronto, Ontario, 2002-2005

Although the majority of work in syndromic surveillance has been its application to bioterrorism and infectious diseases, one of the emerging priorities for its use is for the monitoring of environmental health conditions. Heat-related illness (HRI) is of growing public health importance, especially with global warming concerns and increased frequency of heat waves. Ambient temperatures are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality, as was demonstrated during the 1995 heat wave in Chicago that resulted in over 700 excess deaths and 33,000 emergency room visits due to HRI.

July 30, 2018

Utilization of Public Health Surveillance Data for Early Detection of Drinking Water Contamination

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) has developed a prototype contamination warning system (CWS) for drinking water in response to Homeland Security Presidential Directive 9 (HSPD9). The goal of HSPD9 and the CWS is to expedite contamination containment and emergency response, thereby minimizing public health and economic impacts.

July 30, 2018

An Enterprise Information Integration (EII) Approach for a Syndromic Surveillance System

A comprehensive definition of a syndrome is composed of direct (911 calls, emergency departments, primary care providers, sensor, veterinary, agricultural and animal data) and indirect evidence (data from schools, drug stores, weather etc.). Syndromic surveillance will benefit from quickly integrating such data.

July 30, 2018

Does Climate Predict the Timing of Peak Influenza Activity in the United States?

Though spatio-temporal patterns of influenza spread have often suggested that environmental factors, such as temperature, solar radiation and humidity play a key role, few studies have directly assessed their effect on the timing of annual epidemics. Finkelman et al observed a significant positive relationship between the latitudinal position of temperate countries and epidemic timing. It is hypothesized that during winter months, in temperate regions, decreased skin exposure to sunlight affects immune function by altering the production of certain immunomodulators (e.g.

July 30, 2018

Surveillance of Heat-Related Illness Among Pinal County Residents in Arizona

Extreme heat events caused by high environmental temperatures are considered a major cause of weather-related deaths and injury in the United States. These events can result in a spectrum of conditions known as heat-related illnesses (HRIs), which range from minor to life threating symptoms. In Arizona, HRIs account for more than 2,000 emergency room visits and 118 deaths each year. In 2012, there were a total of 1,572 emergency department visits related to HRIs.

May 08, 2018


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