Morbidity surveillance and treatment of MDR-TB with the support of NGOs in Ukraine

Description: 

The global strategy for eliminating tuberculosis (TB) epidemic "End TB" has been implemented in the world since 2016. Its main goal is to reduce the 2015 TB incidence rate by 90% and 2015 TB mortality rate by 95% by 2035. In Ukraine, in 2016, the incidence rate of new cases of tuberculosis among the general population was 54.7 per 100 thousand of population (2015 - 55.9), the rate of decrease was 2.1 ± 0.1%. In Donetsk Oblast (that is under control of Ukrainian authorities), the incidence rate increased by 2.4% and was 56.4 per 100 thousand of population. The mortality rates were 19 ± 0.6% in the country and 29 ± 2.5% in Donetsk Oblast. However, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates, we need to enhance the annual incidence rate reduction by 10% by 2025, and TB mortality rate should be reduced to 6.5% in order to achieve the strategy-targeted values. In Ukraine, as well as globally, there is a crisis of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). According to WHO estimates, Ukraine belongs to five European countries where 2/3 of MDR-TB cases were registered; the proportion of MDR-TB cases among newly diagnosed TB cases was 16%, and 48% of repeated cases. In Ukraine, this rate is equal to 24.3% and 58.2% in Donetsk Oblast, respectively. Such results in the Donetsk region may be related to the beginning of hostilities in eastern Ukraine in 2014, which lead to the active migration of population and breakdown of the supply of anti-TB drugs. According to monitoring data, 20% of with MDR-TB on the territory of the Donetsk region controlled by Ukraine were lost and did not seek medical assistance.

Objective:

Describe the common work of Donetsk State Phthisiological Service and non-governmental organizations that has been conducted since 2014 in order to achieve the global goal for tuberculosis elimination.

Primary Topic Areas: 
Original Publication Year: 
2018
Event/Publication Date: 
January, 2018

January 25, 2018

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