Early evaluation of impacts of cold waves and floods during winter 2018 in France


The Seine River rises at the north-East of France and flows through Paris before emptying into the English Channel. On January 2018 (from 22th January to 11th February, Weeks 4 to 6), major floods occurred in the Basin of Seine River, after an important rainy period. This period was also marked by the occurrence on the same area of a first cold wave on Week 6 (from 5th to 7th February), including heavy snowfall and ice conditions from 9th to 10th February. A second similar cold wave occured from 28th February and 1st March. Floods of all magnitude are known to have potential health impacts on population, both at short, medium and long term both on physical (injuries, diarrhoeal disease, Carbon Monoxyde poisoning, vector-borne disease) and mental health. Extreme cold weather have also the potential to further impact on human health through direct exposure to lower temperatures, and associated adverse conditions, such as snow and ice. Such situations may be particularly associated to direct impact like hypothermia, frostbite and selected bone/joint injuries).

Objective: The presentation describes the results of the daily monitoring of health indicators conducted by the French public health agency during the major floods and the cold wave that occurred in January 2018 in France, in order to early identify potential impact of those climatic events on the population.

Primary Topic Areas: 
Original Publication Year: 
Event/Publication Date: 
January, 2019

June 18, 2019

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