Disease Surveillance System of Bangladesh: Combating Public Health Emergencies


Disease surveillance is an integral part of public health system. It is an epidemiological method for monitoring disease patterns and trends. International Health Regulation (IHR) 2005 obligates WHO member countries to develop an effective disease surveillance system. Bangladesh is a signatory to IHR 2005. Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR ) is the mandated institute for surveillance and outbreak response on behalf of Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The IEDCR has a good surveillance system including event-based surveillance system, which proved effective to manage public health emergencies. Routine disease profile is collected by Management Information System (MIS) of Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS). Expanded Program of Immunization (EPI) of DGHS collect surveillance data on EPI-related diseases. Disease Control unit, DGHS is responsible for implementing operational plan of disease surveillance system of IEDCR. The surveillance system maintain strategic collaboration with icddrr.

Objective: a) To observe trends and patterns of diseases of public health importance and response; b) To predict, prevent, detect, control and minimize the harm caused by public health emergencies; c) To develop evidence for managing any future outbreaks, epidemic and pandemic.

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January, 2019

June 18, 2019

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