Adolescent prescription opioid misuse, illicit opioid use and overdose

Description: 

The number of overdose deaths involving illicit opioids such as heroin and illicitly-manufactured fentanyl (IMF) is now higher than deaths involving prescription opioids. Adolescents misusing prescription opioids are more likely to use heroin. Although nonmedical use of prescription opioids (NUPO) among adolescents is decreasing, there is still relatively high prevalence of this behavior. Such high prevalence, along with the evolving epidemiology of the drug overdose epidemic as well as the association between NUPO and heroin use, signal that NUPO in adolescents is still an important issue. Understanding the interrelationships between NUPO and illicit opioid use in adolescents can inform prevention efforts. The purpose of this study is to: 1) present the magnitude of the drug overdose problem in adolescents, 2) compare the prevalence of heroin use and injection drug use (IDU) between students reporting NUPO and those not reporting NUPO, and 3) determine whether a dose-response relationship exists between these behaviors among adolescents. This information will be beneficial when focusing on adolescents at risk for heroin use by helping to determine whether any NUPO is associated with heroin use or if such risk is only noted at a higher frequency of NUPO behavior.

Objective: Given the evolving opioid overdose epidemic, we examined the interrelationships between nonmedical use of prescription opioids and illicit opioid use in adolescents.

Primary Topic Areas: 
Original Publication Year: 
2019
Event/Publication Date: 
January, 2019

June 18, 2019

You voted 'down'.

Contact Us

NSSP Community of Practice

Email: syndromic@cste.org

 

This website is supported by Cooperative Agreement # 6NU38OT000297-02-01 Strengthening Public Health Systems and Services through National Partnerships to Improve and Protect the Nation's Health between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on private websites.

Site created by Fusani Applications